In 2004, the Quebec government amended its disability law from 1978. This law is now called the Act to secure handicapped persons in the exercise of their rights with a view to achieving social, school and workplace integration.
Click on the links below to find out more about different aspects of Quebec’s disability law:
The Quebec law lacks teeth. Unlike laws in other provinces and countries, it only applies to the public sector (ministries, public agencies and municipalities). It has no clear goals or penalties to ensure compliance. That’s why Quebec Accessible is calling for a stronger provincial accessibility law to promote the full inclusion of people with disabilities in all aspects of society.
Evaluation of the law
An independent report on the law’s implementation had to be published in 2009 and every five years after that. Two reports have been published so far. They are only available in French.
The first report was published by CREXE in 2012 (three years late). It only looks at eight of the law’s over seventy articles. There was no real consultation of the disability community. The study mostly analyzed documents from the OPHQ.
The second report was published by Sogémap inc. in 2017. Around thirty representatives from the disability community participated in the study.
There was no public consultation leading up to these reports. People with disabilities and the general public therefore didn’t get to give their input on the impact of the law. The few organizations that were invited to participate in these studies were very critical about the law and the role of the OPHQ.
Since the law doesn’t include any clear and measurable goals, it was impossible to determine whether the work done so far met the legislator’s expectations. The reports only evaluated whether this work complied with the nature – but not the scope — of these expectations.
Given the lack of data available, it was impossible to estimate the number of people who were impacted by the law, the proportion of accessible services, or the level of accessibility of these services.